Archive for Wisconsin


Door County, Wisconsin: Day Four — North by Midwest

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American white pelican, Lake Michigan, Wisconsin

Sometimes you hold all the stars in your hand. Sometimes the cards are aligned just right. And sometimes you get to be in Door County, Wisconsin, on the most heartbreakingly beautiful day of the summer.

Ferry, Washington Island, Wisconsin

Better yet, I got to spend most of the day on Washington and Rock Islands, just off the northern tip of the long peninsula, birding. Melody showed me some really lovely spots and some really exciting birds, and my appetite is decidedly whetted for another visit.

Bald eagle nest, Washington Island, Wisconsin

It seems like every would-be birding destination in the world touts its “diversity of habitats,” but Door County lives up to the boast. What’s more, those habitats — from hay fields and woodlots to boggy spruce forests and hemlock groves — unite the two great ecological systems that dominate the center of the continent. Here, the dickcissels of the midwestern prairies sing to the black-throated green warblers of the boreal forest.

The meeting of north and west is especially obvious out on the water. Not that long ago, American white pelicans were rare birds on the Great Lakes, even in migration. This week, it has been hard not to see these huge, magnificent birds, ones and twos sailing majestically on the waters of the bay and the lake or larger groups — up to 130 at a time — gliding and sailing with equal serenity across the blue skies.

American white pelican, Lake Michigan, Wisconsin

These classic birds of western prairie lakes and swales share the blue waters with surprising numbers of red-breasted mergansers.

Red-breasted merganser, Washington Island, Wisconsin

Most seem to be males, suggesting that the waters of Door County are a “molt migration” site for this species; while the females and young linger around the nest, the drakes, their work done for the year, take off for open water and shed their flight feathers in safety. Nearly every bit of shoreline — as here, on Washington Island — seems to have its mergansers, but the biggest flock Melody and I encountered was a whopping 310 birds, loafing and feeding just off Rock Island.

Melody with hemlock and pileated woodpecker work, Rock Island, Wisconsin

The wooded habitats, too, harbor a piquant mix of species. This enormous hemlock is the playground of a pileated woodpecker, a surprisingly common bird in Door County; in fact, with the exception of the ubiquitous northern flickers, I heard and saw more pileateds than any other picid this week.

Just a couple of miles away stands a dark, wet deciduous forest, the home of a family of red-headed woodpeckers. Quiet and furtive on a warm afternoon, the birds eluded us on our quick stop, but just knowing they were there, somewhere, made the peninsula a richer place to my mind and eye.

As a slender hint of just how rich Door County is for the birder, have a look at our day list, and note the enticing mix of northern and western and eastern birds you can find there — even in summer.

Canada goose

Mute swan


Hooded merganser

Red-breasted merganser

Wild turkey

Common loon

American white pelican

Double-crested cormorant

Great blue heron

Great egret

Black-crowned night-heron

Turkey vulture


Bald eagle

Cooper’s hawk

Broad-winged hawk

Red-tailed hawk

Sandhill crane


Ring-billed gull

Herring gull

Caspian tern

Common tern

Rock pigeon

Mourning dove

Chimney swift

Ruby-throated hummingbird

Northern flicker

Pileated woodpecker

Great crested flycatcher

Eastern kingbird

Red-eyed vireo

Blue jay

American crow

Common raven

Purple martin

Tree swallow

Northern rough-winged swallow

Bank swallow

Cliff swallow

Barn swallow

Black-capped chickadee

Red-breasted nuthatch

House wren

Blue-gray gnatcatcher

Eastern bluebird

American robin

European starling

Cedar waxwing

Nashville warbler

Yellow warbler

Chestnut-sided warbler

Black-throated green warbler

American redstart


Common yellowthroat

Eastern towhee

Chipping sparrow

Clay-colored sparrow

Vesper sparrow

Savannah sparrow

Song sparrow

Northern cardinal

Indigo bunting



Red-winged blackbird

Eastern meadowlark

Common grackle

Brown-headed cowbird

Purple finch

American goldfinch

House sparrow

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Door County, Wisconsin: Day Two

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The fog made for an eerie morning here in Baileys Harbor, an impression only heightened by the screeches of invisible Caspian terns over the lake. But nothing can deter birders when they’re in a new place, and after breakfast, Marnie and I met up with Paul for an introduction to some of this long peninsula’s many and varied habitats.


We started off on the bayshore of Peninsula State Park, where I was finally able to make sense of that mysterious word “alvar.” A bar far offshore was drifted with American white pelicans, and small groups, family groups, of red-breasted mergansers — a funny bird to see in the summer — dived and flew up and down in front of us.


The boggy woods across the road in the park must be great for migrants earlier in the season, and even in late June are surely good for breeding birds earlier in the day. The dominant voices late this morning were red-eyed vireos and American redstarts, with ovenbirds, common yellowthroats, yellow warblers, and a distant Nashville warbler rounding out our parulid list for the site.

From Peninsula we went on to Mud Lake, approaching along a road that reminded me more of a tamarisk marsh in Maine or New Brunswick than of the Midwest.

Mud Lake, Limekiln Road, Wisconsin

Delightful as it was to hear an alder flycatcher sneezing out in the alders, the roadside orchids were even more welcome a sight.

Yellow lady's-slipper, Wisconsin

We looked for but did not see the rare Hine’s emerald, though a couple of other odonate species were flying; Paul identified a corporal, a darner, and a twelve-spotted skimmer. In spite of the overcast, we found pearl crescents, a white admiral, and several mourning cloaks — and impressively vast numbers of the insects the locals call “mosquitoes.” They seem thirstier than the ones I’m used to.

We fled the buzzing horde to look for some farmland specialties.

Door County birders birding

Paul knew a bobolink field, so we spent several enjoyable minutes watching the males sing and dance over the tall grass; I got to see one female fly in and land in the grass with something wriggly in her bill, so maybe they can bring off young before the rest of the field is hayed. Savannah sparrows shared the hayfield and perched on the wires, and two male dickcissels buzzed at a frustrating distance before one came closer to the road and sang for us as we pulled away.

Door County, Wisconsin, bobolink field

Over the course of the morning we also found two pairs of sandhill cranes.

Sandhill crane, Wisconsin

Paul had been watching this pair, which, he told us, has a large but still flightless chick. The colt must have been hidden in the grass when we arrive — but no complaints about missing it after such a wonderful and quintessentially midwestern morning in the field.

Today’s list:

Canada goose


hooded merganser

red-breasted merganser

wild turkey

American white pelican

double-crested cormorant

great egret

turkey vulture


red-tailed hawk


ring-billed gull

herring gull

Caspian tern

rock pigeon

mourning dove

chimney swift

ruby-throated hummingbird

alder flycatcher

eastern phoebe

eastern kingbird

red-eyed vireo

blue jay

American crow

common raven

purple martin

tree swallow

northern rough-winged swallow

cliff swallow

barn swallow

house wren

eastern bluebird

American robin

European starling

cedar waxwing

Nashville warbler

yellow warbler

chestnut-sided warbler

American redstart


common yellowthroat

chipping sparrow

field sparrow

vesper sparrow

Savannah sparrow

song sparrow

indigo bunting


red-winged blackbird

eastern meadowlark

common grackle

brown-headed cowbird

house finch

American goldfinch

house sparrow

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Door County, Wisconsin: Day One

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I’d driven through Wisconsin once, long ago, on the way to points far west, but Monday marked the first time I’d ever set foot on Badger soil outside of an airport. I like it.

The drive north from Green Bay on that funny pointed peninsula was encouragingly rural, with small farms and fields and orchards lining the roads. Eastern kingbirds and meadowlarks ornamented the fences, and high above it all American white pelicans soared, alternating blinding white with near invisibility as they turned in the sky.

I’m staying in Bailey’s Harbor, at the Blacksmith Inn, a quiet and comfortable place right on the water. My little porch looks out at a bit of marsh, noisy with red-winged blackbirds and yellow warblers, and then on to the harbor itself, happy hunting ground for ring-billed and herring gulls and prehistoric-looking Caspian terns. The little yard attracts chipping sparrows and American robins, and a busy American redstart has her nest and her still tiny nestlings in a tree just at the corner.

American redstart nest

Dinner that first evening was in Fish Creek, an appropriate place, I thought, to have my first Great Lakes perch. The birds had the same inspiration: an adult bald eagle flew over carrying something scaled and struggling, and two black-crowned night-herons flapped past the restaurant windows hoping to catch their own in the dusk.

Here’s the complete list from the first day, if you’re interested:

June 23, 2014

Door County, Wisconsin

Canada Goose, Mallard

American White Pelican

Great Egret

Black-crowned Night-Heron

Turkey Vulture

Bald Eagle

Red-tailed Hawk


Herring Gull

Ring-billed Gull

Caspian Tern

Rock Pigeon

Mourning Dove

Downy Woodpecker

Pileated Woodpecker

Northern Flicker

Eastern Phoebe

Eastern Kingbird

Red-eyed Vireo

Blue Jay

American Crow

Barn Swallow

Tree Swallow

American Robin

Eastern Bluebird

European Starling

Cedar Waxwing

Yellow Warbler

American Redstart

Chipping Sparrow

Song Sparrow

Red-winged Blackbird

Eastern Meadowlark

Brown-headed Cowbird

Common Grackle

American Goldfinch

House Sparrow


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