Basic References: North America

CatesbyNatural History of Carolina, Florida, and the Bahama Islands

LinnaeusSystema naturae


VieillotHistoire naturelle des oiseaux de l’Amérique Septentrionale

WilsonAmerican Ornithology

BonaparteAmerican Ornithology

AudubonOrnithological Biography



Baird, Brewer, and RidgwayHistory of North American Birds


BendireLife Histories

RidgwayBirds of North and Middle America

HellmayrCatalogue of Birds of the Americas and Adjacent Islands

Bent, Life Histories: Diving Birds, Gulls and Terns, Petrels and Pelicans, Wildfowl I, Wildfowl II, Marsh Birds, Shorebirds I, Shorebirds 2, Gallinaceous Birds, Birds of Prey I, Birds of Prey II, Woodpeckers, Cuckoos etc., Flycatchers etc., Crows and Titmice, Nuthatches etc., Thrushes etc., Wagtails etc., Wood Warblers, Icterids and Tanagers, Finches and Sparrows I II III